Extracts from the Koukamma Spatial Development Framework First Edition May 2007
In order to give effect to the requirements of the Constitution the Municipal Systems Act No 32 of 2000 – Chapter 5 requires the preparation of a Spatial Development Framework
The SDF must:
- Plan to co-ordinate and to optimize human activities, which require physical space
- Public sector plan to guide public and private investment
- Represent the spatial development goals of a local authority.
- It is not comprehensive but should be a broad framework identifying the minimum public actions necessary to achieve the direction of the plan.
- It must have sufficient clarity to guide decision-makers in respect of development applications
Guidelines/Policy for Land Use e.g. Nodal Hierarchy Guidelines
- Basic services are to be provided to all levels of settlements. Prioritisation is to be given to primary and secondary nodes before investment takes place in the rural nodes.
- Active public investment is to take place in the primary nodes.
- Public investment in the secondary nodes is to address the provision of basic civil and community servicesonly.
- Public investment in the rural nodes is to address theprovision of basic civil services only.
- The hierarchy of nodes is to guide the prioritization of investment
Nodal Development Plans developed for: Kareedouw, Joubertina, Krakeelrivier, Louterwater, Misgund, Coldstream, Coldstream, Stormsriver, Nomphumelelo, Woodlands, Eersterivier and Clarkson.
- The Constitution
- Local Government: Municipal Systems Act 32 of 2000
- Development Facilitation Act & DFA principles
- Land Use Management Bill (June 2002) and the draft White Paper on Spatial Planning and Land Use Management (March 2001)
- Local Government: Municipal Planning and Performance Management Regulations (August 2001)
- National Environmental Management Act 107 of 1998
- National Spatial Development Perspective
The above feed into the Province of the Eastern Cape’s Strategy Framework for Growth and Development 2004-2014 to align with the Cacadu Municipalities vision and take into account the Koukamma IDP in order to present the Koukamma SDF.
Koukamma Issues in Cacadu SDF 2007
- No Koukamma settlements have been highlighted as significant within the Cacadu Region: The significant nodes are Grahamstown, Graaff-Reinet, Jeffreys Bay, Humansdorp and Port Alfred.
- The N2 National Route is a primary road linkage within Cacadu The road network is in need of maintenance given the potential for agricultural export.
- The KouKamma has fifteen dispersed prominent settlements each with specific bulk infrastructure requirements and large disparities in service levels.
- The upgrading and maintenance of this infrastructure will continue to provide a major a challenge to municipal capacity.
- Urban expansion cannot be accommodated on existing state owned land.
- The pressure for urban expansion is competing for land that is either valuable from an agricultural perspective or environmentally sensitive
- Koukamma has the highest population growth rate in the region (3,8%) ‘Current and Future Development Areas (CFDAs) and will receive the majority of the CDM’s assistance in the region
- CDM’s Settlement Hierarchy policy together with the Settlement
- Development Guidelines will require that municipalities may need to: Discourage the continued existence of settlements; Maintain current settlements and prevent these from expanding and Encourage active growth and expansion of settlements that meet acceptable criteria.
Land Use Management System
Greater Stormsriver/Sanddrif Development Zone
Nodal Development Plans:
Kareedouw, Joubertina, Krakeelrivier and Louterwater Nodal Development Plans
Thornham, Coldstream, Stormsrivier and Misgund Nodal Development Plans
Nomphumelelo, Woodlands, Clarkson and Mfengu Farms Nodal Development Plans